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types of company secretary

Understanding the Role and Types of Company Secretaries in India


In the Indian corporate world, the role of a company secretary is of utmost importance. A company secretary plays a crucial role in ensuring the smooth functioning and compliance of a company with legal and regulatory requirements. In this article, we will delve deeper into the various types of company secretaries in India, shedding light on their roles, responsibilities, and qualifications.

1. Practising Company Secretary (PCS):

A Practising Company Secretary (PCS) is a qualified professional who holds a certificate of practice issued by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI). Their primary role is to provide expert advice and counsel to companies on a range of legal matters, including corporate governance, compliance management, and board meetings. PCS professionals are authorized to represent companies before various statutory forums and government authorities.

2. Company Secretary in Employment:

A Company Secretary in Employment refers to a certified professional who acts as an in-house advisor to a company. These individuals are responsible for overseeing the company’s compliance with laws, regulations, and corporate policies. They play a vital role in maintaining effective communication between the board of directors, management, and shareholders. Company Secretaries in Employment also handle sensitive matters such as mergers, acquisitions, and restructuring.

3. Company Secretary in Practice (CSP):

A Company Secretary in Practice (CSP) is an individual who holds a valid certificate of practice issued by the ICSI. CSP professionals provide consultancy services to companies, small businesses, and individuals. Their expertise encompasses areas such as corporate law, secretarial practices, foreign collaborations, and intellectual property rights. Company Secretaries in Practice often assist companies in regulatory compliance, drafting legal documents, and conducting due diligence.

4. Company Secretary cum Compliance Officer:

Companies in India are obligated to appoint a whole-time Company Secretary cum Compliance Officer as part of their governance structure. This position is held by a qualified individual who ensures compliance with various statutory requirements, including those of the Companies Act, 2013. They are responsible for maintaining the company’s records, conducting board meetings, and filing necessary documents promptly.

5. Company Secretary as Compliance Head:

In large corporations, a Company Secretary may also be designated as the Compliance Head. This role involves developing and implementing compliance strategies, policies, and procedures across the organization. The Compliance Head ensures that the company adheres to all applicable Indian laws, regulations, and guidelines. They are responsible for identifying, managing, and mitigating legal and regulatory risks, thus safeguarding the company’s interests.


The role of a company secretary is multifaceted and essential for the effective functioning of companies in India. From advising on legal matters to ensuring compliance and corporate governance, company secretaries play a vital role in the success of any organization. They require in-depth knowledge, professional qualifications, and a thorough understanding of Indian corporate laws and regulations. By having a qualified company secretary on board, companies can navigate the complex regulatory landscape, mitigate risks, and enhance their overall governance structure.,


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types of company secretary

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