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public limited company registration

How to Register a Public Limited Company in India: A Step-by-Step Guide


Starting a business in India can be an exciting and rewarding venture. Among the various types of companies, a public limited company is often chosen due to the flexibility it offers in terms of raising capital and expanding operations. In this article, we will guide you through the process of registering a public limited company in India, tailored specifically for an Indian audience.

1. Choosing the Right Name

The first step in registering a public limited company is to select a unique and suitable name. The name should reflect the nature of your business and comply with the guidelines of the Companies Act, 2013. Make sure the name is not already taken and does not infringe on any trademarks.

2. Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN)

The next step is to obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN). DIN is a unique 8-digit number required for all directors of a company. To obtain a DIN, an online application needs to be submitted to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) along with the necessary supporting documents.

3. Apply for Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

In order to file electronic documents with the MCA, you need to obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC). The DSC ensures the authenticity and security of the documents being submitted online. You can get a DSC from various certifying authorities authorized by the MCA.

4. File an Application for Reservation of Name

Once you have obtained the DIN and DSC, you can proceed with filing an application for the reservation of the company name. The name reservation form needs to be submitted online, stating the proposed name choices in order of preference. The MCA will then process the application and provide you with a unique name.

5. Drafting the Memorandum and Articles of Association

The Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) are legal documents that outline the objectives, operations, and regulations of the company. These documents need to be drafted carefully, ensuring compliance with the Companies Act, 2013, and the MCA guidelines.

6. Filing the Incorporation Documents

Once the MOA and AOA have been drafted, the next step is to file the incorporation documents with the Registrar of Companies (ROC). These include the Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, and various other forms and declarations. The documents can be filed online through the MCA portal.

7. Payment of Incorporation Fees and Stamp Duty

Along with filing the incorporation documents, you are required to pay the prescribed fees and stamp duty as per the authorized share capital of the company. The fees can be paid online through the MCA portal or through authorized banks.

8. Obtaining the Certificate of Incorporation

After the payment of fees and stamp duty, the ROC will review the incorporation documents and, if everything is in order, issue the Certificate of Incorporation. This certificate officially establishes the existence of the public limited company.

9. Obtaining the Commencement of Business Certificate

If your company intends to commence business immediately after incorporation, you need to obtain a Commencement of Business Certificate from the ROC. This certificate confirms that the company is ready to commence its operations.


Registering a public limited company in India involves several essential steps, starting from selecting a unique name to obtaining the necessary certificates and approvals. By following this step-by-step guide, you can ensure a smooth and successful company registration process. Remember to consult with professionals or experts in the field to ensure compliance with all legal requirements and regulations. Good luck with your new venture!,

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public limited company registration

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This article is only published for informational purposes. Please consult your Chartered Accountant or Financial Advisor before making any important financial decisions.
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